Timothy Snyder’s Bloodlands: Europe Between Hitler and Stalin was both critically acclaimed and fiercely denounced. Its detractors accused the Yale historian of relativizing the Holocaust... read more

In the final days of World War II, Kurt Weill wrote a letter to his wife, Lotte Lenya, who was in New York, from the Hotel Bel-Air in Los Angeles. The couple had fled Germany after Hitler had... read more

In November 1938, as Hitler was preaching his gospel of hate, French Prime Minister Léon Blum delivered a speech to the International League Against Anti-Semitism about “the tragic Jewish question... read more

I realized early in my life that I had a real fear of heights. As a Cub Scout I was hoisted by a rope onto a high branch of a tree to dislodge a Frisbee that was caught there, and I was suddenly... read more

Here’s a generally accepted syllogism: The Weimar Republic saw an explosion in the arts, particularly of modern forms like expressionist painting and atonal music. When Hitler swept away the... read more

Even before the current swoon of the ruble, the signals were all there that Vladimir Putin had embarked on a course that is increasingly isolating his country, undermining its long-term economic... read more

So many anniversaries, such remarkable transformations—that is the story of Poland in 2014 that we are celebrating in this issue of CR. Those of us with Polish... read more

On Nov. 9, 1989, the whole world was riveted by the spectacle of people dancing, singing and toasting one another atop the Berlin Wall—and by the impassioned efforts of delirious Berliners to... read more

In the mid-19th century, Perry McDonough Collins, an adventurous New Yorker, set out to cross Siberia in winter, convinced that this could be a new frontier for American traders. With the backing... read more

Much of my research and writing has concerned World War II, and as a result I try to steer clear of discussing Hitler or Nazis in any context other than that era. Use either word in the context of... read more