In January 1935, Philip Kerr, the British Liberal politician better known as Lord Lothian, traveled to Berlin for a series of meetings with top Nazi officials, culminating in a two-hour session... read more

At the turn of the last century, Sigmund Freud shocked the world with what biographer Peter Gay called “his portrayal of man, the insatiable animal pushed and pulled by unrespectable, largely... read more

In 1873, Sigmund Freud enrolled at the University of Vienna, but by his own admission he was “decidedly negligent” with his studies, passing his medical exams for his doctorate eight years later,... read more


The Secret History of Pius XII, Mussolini and Hitler
By David I. Kertzer. 672 pp. Random House, 2022. $37.50.

Early... read more

On March 15, 1938, three days after German troops crossed into Austria, Adolf Hitler appeared on the balcony of the Hofburg, Vienna’s imperial palace, to announce the Anschluss, the incorporation... read more

In the early morning hours of March 12, 1938, German troops poured across the Austrian border, fulfilling Adolf Hitler’s dream of Anschluss, the incorporation of Austria into the Third Reich. When... read more

Freud's Wizard

By Brenda Maddox (2006)

1. As a young psychoanalyst practicing in London, Ernest Jones was so fascinated by Sigmund Freud’s early, as-yet-untranslated... read more

By mid-1940, Hitler’s Germany appeared to be unstoppable by mid-1940. It had already... read more

Seated in the modest office of the commander of Russia’s forces stationed in ... read more