By mid-1940, Hitler’s Germany appeared to be unstoppable by mid-1940. It had already... read more

Seated in the modest office of the commander of Russia’s forces stationed in ... read more

On December 8, 1941, the day after Japan’s attack on Pearl Harbor, President Franklin D. Roosevelt addressed a joint session of Congress to ask for a declaration of war against Japan. The Senate... read more

When the U.S. and its allies announced they would sanction... read more

I recently shared my favorite books on the view from London in 1941 on a new website called Shepherd. I... read more

Insanity, Modernism, and Hitler’s War on Art
By Charlie English. 336 pp. Random House, 2021. $28.

In the aftermath of World War I, the world... read more

By Andrew Nagorski

Andrew Nagorski is the author, most recently, of “1941: The Year Germany Lost the War.”

Benito Mussolini took power in Italy in late 1922, making him Europe’s... read more

Poland 1939: The Outbreak of World War II

By Roger Moorhouse. 432 pp.

Basic Books, 2020. $32.

WHEN HITLER LAUNCHED HIS ATTACK on Poland on September 1, 1939, igniting World... read more